Conservation efforts have helped in reviving the population of the deer to 204 in 2013 from less than 100 in 2008. Sangai Deer is a medium-sized deer with distinctive antlers. Firstly, its habitat is steadily degenerating by reason of continuous inundation and flooding by high water caused as the result of artificial reservoir of the National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Loktak. Sangai Deer (Rucervus eldii) also called the Dancing Deer is the state animal of Manipur. Sangai Deer (Rucervus eldii) also called the Dancing Deer is the state animal of Manipur. The Sangai deer is found only in Manipur’s floating Keibul Lamjao National Park at the Loktak Lake. This signifies its name, brow-antlered deer, the forward protruding beam appears to come out from the eyebrow. It is only floating national park in the world. Its common English name is Manipur Brow-antlered Deer and the scientific name, Rucervus eldi eldi McClelland. It is located between 24°27’ N and 24°31’ N latitude and 93°53’ E and 93°55’ E longitudes. Identified as one of the rarest animal species in the entire world, the sangai is the apple of the eye for the people. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. in length with extremely long brow tine, which form the main beam. However, as fate would have it, he found his beloved married to the king on his return. The beams are unbranched initially whereas curvature increases as length increases and they get forked also. The sangai has a maximum lifespan in the wild of around 10 years.[5]. The deer feed on several types of vegetation that grow on the phumdi. The length of the body from the base to the ear up to the tail is about 145 to 155 cm in both sexes. [1] Its original natural habitat is the floating marshy grasslands of the Keibul Lamjao National Park, located in the southern parts of the Loktak Lake, which is the largest freshwater lake in eastern India. In the lean season, when the water level reduces, the biomass come into contact with the lake bed and they secure the required nutrient from there. English [] Etymology []. The antlers of the opposite sides are unsymmetrical with respect to each other. It lives in the marshy wetland in Keibul Lamjao about 45 km from Imphal. Sangai Deer, Loktak Lake. KLNP is a floating biomass in Manipur’s Loktak Lake. When the rains come again and they become afloat, the biomass have enough 'food'—the nutrients—stored in their roots and their life continues. 2. Sangai/Brow-Antlered Deer – Only Eld’s Deer in India The state animal of Manipur, Sangai is rare and endangered brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur. Sangai starts grazing usually early morning approximately 4:30 am and generally continue up to 8:00 am. The researchers carried out hydrothermal liquefaction and pyrolysis of biomass mixture of water hyacinth and para grass at 260-280 °C and 300-450 °C to compare the products yield and chemical characteristics of the products. An annual affair, the Manipur Sangai Festival is celebrated from November 21 to 30. It is the floating mass of vegetation formed by the accumulation of organic debris and biomass with soil. Around January last week in 1999, it was reported that a large chunk of the biomass in the northern part of National Park had broken up into pieces and had drifted freely from the park area. After a 220- to 240-day-long gestation period, normally a single calf is born. Sangai also called as brow antlered deer is endemic and endangered species of deer, found only in Keibul Lamjao National Park of Manipur. The vegetation also provides shelter to the deer and other wildlife in the park. Its common English name is Manipur brow-antlered deer or Eld's deer and the scientific name is Rucervus eldii eldii. are the favorite food plants of sangai. It is also known as the Eld’s deer or the bow antlered deer or thamin. P. e. siamensis: The Thai brow-antlered deer is found in Cambodia, China, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam, and should perhaps be treated as a separate species. The life-cycle of the phumdi involves floating on the water surface during season of high water as in the monsoons. Once it was found across the Manipur Valley in abundant now only its remaining natural habitat is found in Keibul Lamjao National Park. After the declaration of the area as a national park and with strict conservation measures taken up by the Forest Department, the fear of its extinction has been greatly reduced. The height and weight of the female are shorter and less as compared to the male counterpart. The number of deer listed in the Red Data Book was only 14 in 1975. Sangai deer Sangai (the brow-antlered deer) is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur ( Keibul Lamjao National Park ) It is largely seen over the floating biomass, locally called “ phumdi ” in the South Eastern part of Loktak Lake inside the park. The sangai is the state animal of Manipur. A maximum high water level of 168.5 meters (553 ft) above mean sea level (MSL)is maintained in the Loktak Lake to feed the reservoir for the hydel project. The floating marshy grasslands of the Keibul Lamjao National Park is its only natural habitat. The Sangai or the dancing deer is found naturally only on the floating biomass of the Keibul Lamjao National Park. Feeding behavior of sangai can be easily seen over new shoots on freshly cut fire line area. Sources: pib. The humus of phumdi is black in color and very spongy with large number of pores. This is the largest fresh water lake in Eastern India, one of seven Ramsar sites of international importance. Its common English name is Manipur Brow-antlered Deer and the scientific name, Rucervus eldii eldii [1] McClelland. Panolia eldii eldi: The Manipuri brow-antlered deer is found in Manipur, India. On cloudy morning the period may extend to 10:00 am. The Sangai is an endemic, rare and endangered Brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. Phumdi is the most important and unique part of the habitat. It is also the state animal of Manipur. It floats with 4/5 part under water.[4]. The brow-antlered deer is a medium-sized deer, with uniquely distinctive antlers, measuring 100–110 cm. There are reports of local people cutting up the phumdi into sizable pieces and then towing away these with dugout canoe for 'selling' to fish culture owners. The National Park is a wetland located in the southern part of Lake Loktak. The deer is endemic to Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP) will be translocated to Pumlen Pat which is close existing habitat to Loktak. The result—the biomass are losing weight and getting thinner by the year. It is listed as an critically endangered species by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). This was a bad sign for the sangai habitat. The young are spotted at birth; these spots fade as the animal grows. The other two related species have been reported from Myanmar and Thailand. This high water level had wreaked havoc in the Keibul Lamjao National Park. It lives in the marshy wetland in Keibul Lamjao about 45 km from Imphal. The brow-antlered deer or the dancing deer is found in its natural habitat only at Keibul Lamjao National Park over the floating biomass locally called "phumdi" in the south eastern part of Loktak Lake. Further, there were references of sangai head with crown of antlers, being decorated on the head of royal boat called Hiyang Hiren. . 'Sangai' deer (Cervus eldi), which is rare in the breed, is found in the natural forest area of Keibul Lamjao. SANGAI: The Sangai is an endemic, rare and endangered Brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. After feeding it takes rest. The sangai is endemic to Manipur state, lives in the marshy wetland of the Loktak Lake,one of the seven Ramsar sites in India. Our collections includes Women's wear, Kauna Hand Bags, Black Pottery Products, Tribal Shawl, Home Furnishing and Women's Accessories. Sangai Deer (Rucervus eldii) also called the Dancing Deer is the state animal of Manipur. sangai (plural sangais) . About Sangai deer. The endangered Sangai deer is found only in Manipur and in the marshy wetlands of the floating park at the southern end of Loktak Lake. From a native name, compare Hindi संगाई (saṅgāī), Tamil சங்காய் (caṅkāy).. Noun []. The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. It lives in the marshy wetland in Keibul Lamjao about 45 km from Imphal. Topics: Current Affairs 2016 • Environment • IUCN • Manipur • Wildlife, © Copyright 2009-2019 GKToday | All Rights Reserved, Current Affairs [PDF] - January 16-31, 2021, Current Affairs [PDF] - January 1-15, 2021. Sangai are now restricted to the Keibul Lamjao National Park in the SE fringe of Loktak Lake in Manpur; The Sangai are called dancing deer because they dance on the green grassland or phumdis which are floating vegetarian occupying a large surface area of the lake. 204 brow-antlered deer found in Manipur 28 Jun, 2013, 04.16 PM IST The number of the endangered brow-antlered deer stands at 204 in its lone habitat in Manipur's Keibul Lamjao National Park. Its specialty is a floating garden with flora called 'Phumdi.' Its IUCN status: Endangered. Males compete with each other to gain control of a harem of females that they can then mate with. The festival takes its name from the state’s unique, shy and gentle brow-antlered, Sangai deer or the dancing deer. The sangai was believed to be almost extinct by 1950. It is also the state animal of Manipur. Rutting takes place in the early spring months between February and May. The young are weaned at 7 months of age, and becomes sexually mature from 18 months of age onwards. The Sangai is an endemic, rare and endangered Brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. The park which was initially declared as a Sanctuary in 1966 and later in 1977 it was declared as National Park through a gazette notification. Endemic species found only in Manipur, India. Once it was found across the Manipur Valley in abundant now only its remaining natural habitat is found in Keibul Lamjao National Park. Apart from India, the animal is also found in Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, China, Lao PDR, and Viet Nam. The tail is short and rump patch is not pronounced. Lion Tailed Macaque, Western Ghats. endangered Sangai deer found in Manipur has increased from 204 in 2013 to 260, according to the census conducted in March 2016 jointly by Wildlife Wing, Forest department, State government, Manipur University and Wildlife Institute of India [5]. It exhibits a bimodial activity pattern. Sangai Deer: Importance of Conservation • Manipur’s Sangai or Eld deer is named after Lieutenant Percy Eld a British officer in 1844 • It was first discovered in Manipur in 1839 • It was reported as extinct in 1951; however, it was discovered in KNLP park by environmentalist and photographer E. P Gee The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. Sangai feed on a variety of water living plants, grasses, herbaceous plants, and shoots. Since then, the State Government has taken serious and positive measures for the protection of this rare and endangered species. According to a Manipuri folklore, a legendary hero Kadeng Thangjahanba of Moirang once captured a gravid sangai from Torbung Lamjao for a gift to his beloved Tonu Laijinglembi during an animal hunting expedition. When humans love and respect the sangai, it is respecting nature. It is a subspecies of the brow-antlered deer or Eld’s deer. An animal found only in Manipur is the Sangai. P. e. thamin: The Burmese brow-antlered deer found in Myanmar, and westernmost Thailand. The film The Return of Sangai (Manipuri film Sangai Hallakpa ) made by the Manipur Forest Department[3] is about the Sangai and Keibul Lamjao National Park. It is also the state animal of Manipur. The Keibul Lamjao park is a marshy wetland located at the south parts of the Loktak Lake. This Deer is the state animal of Manipur and the pride of Manipur. The Sangai, in English name as Brow-altlered deer, scientific name : Rucervus eldii eldii is an endangered sub species which is found only in Manipur, Northeast India. It spelled out very clearly that the beginning of the end of the sangai habitat had begun. The slaying of the sangai, an unpardonable sin, is conceived as the rude breaking up of the cordial relationship between humans and the nature. The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. It lives in the marshy wetland in Keibul Lamjao which is about 45 km from Imphal. From that time onwards the place became the home of sangai.[6]. Sangai deer is an Indian unique species RG June January 23, 2021 Wildlife , 0 Comments Indian unique Species Sangai deer species is unique to India as it is found only in Indian sub continent. Talk of Manipur, and one of the first things to introduce the state is the sangai, other than polo, its classical dance, sports and films. However, in 1953 six heads of the sangai were found hovering at its natural habitat. At night some of them even rest on the hillocks. The number of endangered deer sangai found in Manipur has increased from 204 in 2013 to 260, according to the latest census conducted in March 2016 jointly by Wildfire Wing, Forest department, State government, Manipur University and Wildfire Institute of India.[7]. Sangai is an endemic specie of the deer found only near Loktak lake in Eastern India. The high water level, maintained continuously through the year, had disturbed the natural life cycle of the vegetation growth, the phumdi, upon which the sangai thrives. It is found in its natural habitat only at Keibul Lamjao National Park over the floating biomass locally called “phumdi” in the south eastern part of Loktak Lake. It is largely seen over the floating biomass, locally called “phumdi” in the South Eastern part of Loktak Lake inside the park. It is known around the world for its unique composition which is made up of biomass vegetation (locally called phumdis) that floats on the surface of the lake. It is believed that the name sangai (sa "animal" and ngai "in awaiting") was coined from its peculiar posture and behaviour while running. In the evening it starts at 3:00 pm and continue up to 6:00 pm. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Sangai Deer is found only in Keibul Lamjao National Park in Manipur. Conservation efforts have helped in reviving the … What is happening now, according to local scientists who are studying the phenomena, is that with continuous high water in the lake throughout the year much of this process of 'feeding' on the nutrient in the lakebed had discontinued. The sexes are moderately dimorphic in body size and weight. Zizania latifolia, Saccharum munja, S. bengalensis, Erianthus procerus, E. ravernnae, etc. The sangai faces a two-pronged danger to its life. It meant humans are now aiding the process of annihilating the habitat area, supplementing to the rapid degeneration of the habitat. In 1977, it was declared a 'National Park.' A member of a subspecies of brown-antlered deer found in Manipur in India. During day time it rests under thick and tall reeds and grasses. Sangai Deer is an endemic and endangered species of deer. It was re–discovered in the Keibul Lamjao Park area by the environmentalist and photographer E.P.Gee, which necessitated declaring this reserve park area as a national park to protect and conserve the deer now called Eld's Deer's subspecies Brow-antlered Deer(Cervus eldi eldi) or Sangai in Manipuri language (to distinguish it from the other two sub species found in Burma and Thailand that are called Cervus … About Sangai deer. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T4265A22166803.en, http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/sangai-population-up/article8597905.ece, E-Pao.net - A Cry in the Wilderness - Salam Rajesh, https://archive.is/20041116135913/http://www.wii.gov.in/publications/newsletter/autumn2003/fromthewild.htm, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sangai&oldid=1004429842, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 February 2021, at 15:20. By nature, the deer, particularly the males, even when running for its life stops occasionally and looks back as if he is waiting for someone and hence the name. The two tines form a continuous curve at right angles to the closely set pedicels. This deer is also known as brow antlered deer. The Sangai, scientifically the Rucervus eldii eldii, is found only in Manipur. In another folklore of Manipur, a prince called Pudangkoi of Luwang clan had, by the grace of a divine entity, transformed himself into a deer which has later on called sangai. On this floating biomass, the Sangai are often found. We have been providing you the best and ancients method of traditional products with the lowest price in the online shopping market. It is listed as an critically endangered species by International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Its common English name is Manipur Brow-antlered Deer and the scientific name, Rucervus eldi eldi. They feed on the Phumdis. It is called sangai in Meitei. Wildlife found in Manipur. Sangai is the state animal of Manipur and has been listed as an endangered species by the IUCN. [1] Pumlen Pat was chosen for translocation as it is also a floating biomass (phumdi) and comprises of small hillocks which will provide natural habitat for this deer species. PRELIMS BOOSTERS 2018 Sangai (brow-antlered deer or dancing deer or Eld’s deer ) and Wassenaar Arrangement Sangai (brow-antlered deer or dancing deer or Eld’s deer ) Endangered (EN) — IUCN. Socially, the sangai is the symbol of a prized possession of the state. Sangai is Schedule – I animal, according to wildlife (Protection) act, 1972 and classified as Endangered (EN) by the IUCN. The park covers an area of 40 km² and the home range of the deer in the park is confined to 15–20 km². The deer epitomizes grace, rarity and quality. [2] Its common English name is Manipur brow-antlered deer or Eld's deer and the scientific name is Rucervus eldii eldii. Culturally, the sangai finds itself imbedded deep into the legends and folklore of the Manipuris. Sangai deer at Loktak lake in Manipur. The park covers an area of 40 km2 and the home range of the deer in the park is confined to 15–20 km2. Secondly, poachers are out there to trap and slay the deer at the slightest opportunity. Manipur State Forest Department has decided to translocate a section of critically endangered species of Brow Antlered (Sangai) deer with an aim to save it from extinction. Phumdi or floating meadow is the most important and unique part of the habitat of Sangai. The area of Keibul Lamjao is spread across 40 sq km. In 1983 the 103 megawatt capacity National Hydroelectric Power Corporation Loktak was commissioned with the objective of ensuring rapid development in the State. Based on a popular folk legend, the sangai is interpreted as the binding soul between humans and the nature. Once it was found across the Manipur Valley in abundant now only its remaining natural habitat is found in Keibul Lamjao National Park. [2] Its common English name is Manipur brow-antlered deer or Eld's deer and the scientific name is Rucervus eldii eldii. Its thickness varies from few centimeter to two meters. In India, the animal was thought to … Phumdi is the most important and unique part of Sangai’s habitat. The Sangai is an endemic, rare and endangered Brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. Mammalian Fauna: Many of the species of animals found in Manipur are endemic, foremost among them being the Sangai or the Brow Antlered Deer, Cervus Eldi Eldi, which in its unique Wetland ecosystem is restricted to Manipur only. Saving the hog deer will help in conservation of sangai deer as well because both the species are sympatric.” South of Loktak Lake (a Ramsar site) in Moirang district lies the only known sanctuary for this deer, the Keibul Lamjao National Park (KLNP). The heartbroken hero released the deer free in the wild of Keibul Lamjao. The park covers an area of 40 km2 and the home range of the deer in the park is confined to 15–20 km2. This deer lived only in Phumdi ( Heterogeneous organic waste ) as I mention Phumdi in earlier post. It is a shy animal that is hardly visible outside this habitat. Sangai Deer: The sangai is an endemic and endangered subspecies of brow-antlered deer found only in Manipur, India. Its common English name is Manipur Brow-antlered Deer and the scientific name, Rucervus eldi eldi. This is the story of Sangai, a critically endangered brow-antlered deer found in Manipur in a tiny speck of land, mostly grasslands locally called phumdi that float on water. In the sangai, therefore, humans find a way of expressing their love for the nature. They have a reddish brown to gray colored coat, dark brownish black nose, lips and mouth. This is another potential danger to the sangai habitat. 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