We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Feed with a nitrogen-rich fertiliser when it comes into growth in spring, followed by a potash-rich fertiliser when the flower buds appear. Bougainvillea is not your typical houseplant—in its natural state, it's a sprawling climber and shrub with formidable thorns, often found on the exterior of buildings (like climbing up a trellis or over a fence) or in gardens in subtropical-to-tropical climates. Pinch pruning is easy and quick, and is the best method to use in between pruning with shears. And that’s why you want to prune or lightly prune your bougainvillea after each big round of flowering. Now, I, "The post on growing bougainvillas was great. Katherine Gohmann is a Professional Gardener in Texas. Zone 1 - 8. Don't forget to remove blooms that have faded from your bougainvillea. You don't have to put the stem in water. The easiest way to tell whether it's time is to simply check the weather or the Farmer’s Almanac. These Bougainvillea Care Tips will help you grow them successfully!. However, if you are gentle while repotting you can do it anytime. How to prune bougainvillea: Bougainvillea plants need hard pruning to force blooming and maintain its shape. As you prune, you can gently wrap new shoots around the structure to which the plant is being trained, to encourage growth in that direction. A cascade bougainvillea. Place a sturdy stake of some type well into the soil right next to the bougainvillea plant or push the stake into the pot till it touches the bottom and plant the bougainvillea next to it. Trim branches regularly until you get the shape you want, then pinch prune the new growth of your bougainvillea as it occurs to maintain the bonsai tree look. If you want the tree to flower, don't pinch and trim it too much in summer. Bougainvillea can technically be pruned at any time of the year, but the best time to do so for the integrity of the plant is in very early spring, before the plant has begun to produce buds for new flowers. Wear gloves when pruning bougainvillea. Try a variety of shapes and forms when pruning bougainvillea. 2. You can plant into another pot of soil. Bougainvillea Pruning and Pinching Proper pruning is important for bougainvillea to bloom. In winters, when you bring the pot indoors, place it at a spot where it can receive an ample amount of light. The bougainvillea pruning in pots or garden bed will force plant to produce new growth and bougainvillea to bloom. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! ", pot, and how to keep it sized for the pot. Protect from frost and water sparingly in winter. This is usually in autumn, but can be at other times depending on the variety. Prune a bougainvillea plant regularly to encourage prolific flowering and bush growth. Your goal during the fall and winter is just to keep your bougainvillea alive, not to stimulate growth, so water very modestly, letting the soil dry out considerably before watering again. "Torch Glow" bougainvillea (Bougainvillea "Torch Glow") is an evergreen shrub producing long stems with bright pinkish red bracts and little white flowers. Now has grown profusely. How to Cut Bougainvillea Growth Back to the Ground. The best time to prune bougainvillea is in late winter or early spring after it flowers, or at the start of the rainy season. Never attempt to trim a bougainvillea without using gardening gloves. ", "I now know how and when to prune my bougainvillea to keep it neat and healthy. This article received 32 testimonials and 98% of readers who voted found it helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. Cut off vigorous shoots as they will stunt the growth of other parts of the plant, and pinch. The best time to prune bougainvillea for cuttings is in late winter to earliest spring before new growth has flushed, but when bud nodes are swelling. My Bougainvillea glabra is a flowering machine. ", baskets. Remove the diseased branches from the area, so they don't contaminate the plant. ", "Info on pruning was helpful. Cut away dead or diseased portions of the plant first, and make strategic cuts to branches in sparse areas where you want to encourage new growth. Sign up for our newsletter. By putting it in a pot the rampant tendencies are curbed," Ray said. If you want more blooms, check this post: How I Prune & Trim My Bougainvillea For Maximum Bloom. Bougainvillea naturally produce many main stems that can become a tangle within just a few years. I would, however, like to be able to print the, "This article was exactly what I needed. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. Bougainvillea plants are prolific growers and need good pruning to force blooming and retain a pretty shape. Pruning Bougainvillea in Summer: I’ve gotten comments like “why is my bougainvillea not blooming” or “my bougainvillea was blooming was blooming when I brought it home but now it’s not”. After the bougainvillea has finished blooming for the season, cut it back by a few inches. I’ve never fertilized mine & they bloom just how I want them to. Do I cut off the full stem of dense flowers when pruning bougainvillea? Use cut … Remove the length of stem that has flowered just behind the first flower. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. Cut away low-lying branches for an interesting, tree-like look. Remember to wipe your pruning shears with the disinfectant after pruning diseased branches before pruning healthy branches to prevent disease from spreading. Bougainvilleas can respond well to a hard prune but only do this if it is absolutely necessary as they respond better to light regular pruning. You can remove dead wood from the plant by trimming it at any time of year, but save the bigger pruning cuts for early spring, when the plant won't get damaged. ", first pruning. She has been a home gardener and professional gardener since 2008. If you must prune to control the plant, prune lightly at the end of the flowering period. Remove dead wood as it occurs but severe pruning must wait until the plant is semi-dormant in fall or early spring. Here in the UK we mostly grow bougainvillea in pots indoors in greenhouses or conservatories, with a trellis or pillar for support. Pruning and training. We are 1800 miles above sea level here and it often snows in winter. But I put it outside and night temps dropped to 48F and all blooms died. This will promote healthy growth in the spring. HOW TO PLANT BOUGAINVILLEA IN POTS/JoyUsGarden. Don't water again, for quite sometime, they do well without water. Perform “soft pinch” pruning on a bougainvillea plant any time of the year to promote bushier, lateral branches. So, even a tip prune (pinching) will encourage new growth & hence blooming. Every bougainvillea fanatic needs to know how to prune bougainvillea to enjoy those beautiful color displays to the fullest! Bougainvilleas (Bougainvillea spp. When it comes to growing Bougainvilleas, you have to be sure of many things! "I knew little about this vine. Dig far beyond the root system of your plant so you do not upset the roots. How To Prune A Bonsai Bougainvillea Pruning of bonsai bougainvillea is an important step to keep your bonsai bougainvillea flowering all year round. Try these expert-level hacks. Pruning and wiring: Cut the shoots after flowering, leaving two leaves on each and prune twigs and branches in autumn or winter. Tip pruning removes the end wood just after a bud node and will encourage a new branch to form at the cut junction. Don't be afraid to prune aggressively, if needed. ", "Excellent descriptions for caring for bougainvillea. Pruning and training is therefore necessary to keep them in shape and restrict their size. How do I transplant it from one location to another location? Once the bush stands between 100 and 150cm tall, prune off the branches on the lower 50cm of the bush. When to Prune I planted from my neighbor's scraps and all three are beautiful! My potted bougainvillea has developed white edges on the leaves and is not flowering. Bougainvillea pruning for hedges is severe, but usually the plants are trained to trellises or other vertical supports and need minimal pruning in early spring to enhance growth. The vines need well-drained, yet moist, soil to thrive. I prob didn't prune like I should have but thanks for the tips. Bougainvillea Pruning: When Should I Prune A Bougainvillea, Bougainvillea Plant Pests: Learn More About Bougainvillea Loopers, Bougainvillea Care – How To Grow A Bougainvillea In The Garden, Natural Christmas Decorations: Making Holiday Décor From The Garden, Wintercreeper Control – How To Get Rid Of Wintercreeper Plants, Getting Rid Of Chinese Privet: How To Kill Chinese Privet Shrubs, Lesser Calamint Plants: Growing Calamint Herbs In The Garden, Jackfruit Tree Info: Tips For Growing Jackfruit Trees, Caring For Easter Lilies: How To Plant Easter Lily After Blooming, Squash Mosaic Virus Info: Tips For Treating Mosaic On Squash, Evergreen Favorite: Container Grown Olive Trees, Evergreens In My Heart – Three Must Have Evergreen Trees, Decisions, Decisions: Choosing An Evergreen In The Landscape, Spruce Trees For Landscaping - Spruce It Up With Evergreens. Can those be planted successfully? Shocked or nipped? Yes. Leaving dried blooms on the plant will prohibit new blooms from forming. For tropical climates, Bougainvilleas are a boon, as they are going to offer you an all year floral fiesta! I grow my bougainvillea in a pot outside in summer and inside in winter. Be sure not to wait too late in the season, though, since toward the end of the cycle it will be too late to encourage new blooms. When learning how to prune bougainvillea, keep in mind that the more often you prune off dead blooms, the more new blooms your plant will produce. Bougainvillea is a climbing, flowering vine or shrub native to Brazil. Thank you!". If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. This encourages flower growth. There are multiple answers for both (the most fundamental is that bougainvilleas need full sun and warm temperatures to flower successfully) but there are only 2 reasons I want to address in this post. When pruning, cut back side shoots to three or four buds. Bougainvillea pruning encourages new growth and blooms., pruning overgrown bougainvillea is actually a bloom booster. They are sturdy plants. In zone 9-11 landscapes, late winter/early spring is the best time for bougainvillea pruning. Watch out for those spikes! We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Did not lament challenges with bougainvillea, just straightforward direction on pruning, "Pinching the bloom back and then pinching the little stem back also helped. Katherine Gohmann is a Professional Gardener in Texas. It can also be done any time of year and as often as you like. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. These simple steps will keep your tropical plant looking great year after year. Tropical vines that bloom throughout much of the year, bougainvilleas (Bougainvillea spp.) They can grow and climb and invade new parts of a flower bed easily. It was wrapped quite tightly around a frame, so I unwrapped it; it, "I did not know anything of how and when to prune a bougainvillea. Bougainvillea is a tropical vine with beautiful flowers and evergreen leaves. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. It's a good idea to wear heavy gloves, since many cultivars have sharp thorns. If you don't wait, you could damage the plant. It will take a few years, but once it takes hold it will grow nicely. Effective Tips To Prube Bougainvillea. Thank you. Fertilizing. Grows as an annual outdoors or as a perennial in a container indoors. 2. Wear gloves and long sleeved shirts and pants if trimming or training these plants. Plants need time to rejuvenate and start another growing cycle . It's back looking healthy again. References The plant usually produces three rounds of vibrant blooms in spring, summer and autumn. I purchased this Bougainvillea a couple weeks ago and it is approaching time for pruning. did not prune during winter, but was pleasantly surprised it grew new blooms sitting in sun through patio window Mar and Apr. If you're replanting in a pot, make sure it's an appropriate size, they like it a bit snug. Young plants need to be pruned from the base to force thicker growth. How to Care for a Bougainvillea in a Pot. More pinching = more color. Pruning helps the plant grow thicker and bushier. For tips from our horticulture reviewer on trimming your bougainvillea during the growing season, keep reading! Pruning bougainvillea in summer, which is mid-season for this plant, encourages another round of bloom. My bougainvillea is not flowering, what could be causing this when it is large and healthy? This is best performed in early spring before bloom and growth to get the most out of the bougainvillea in your desired direction. A: You can prune hard most any time. Pruning is useful for training a plant and to remove old neglected branches. When it’s semi-deciduous in January, it may seem like you’re removing a lot, but believe me, it grows back like crazy. The famous Kew gardens were instrumental in the propagation and spread of the plants. Bougainvillea are hardy and can tolerate any type of pruning you prefer. When would be the best time to move it to a larger container? If you have your heart set on bougainvillea it may be a better idea to plant another one, prune the larger one and then remove the large plant when the replacement become established. This article surely will help. Just don’t forget to move them indoors when temperatures begin to fall, as the plant has little cold tolerance. Mar 9, 2015 - Gardeners living in warm regions often add lovely bougainvillea flowers to outdoor landscapes, either in containers or as large hedge plants growing directly in the soil. This article was co-authored by Katie Gohmann. Pruning before the beginning of a new cycle allows the vine to produce vigorous new growth. Although you can prune bougainvillea throughout the year, pruning in summer may cut off the forming buds, reducing the amount of color you see the next blooming cycle. {"smallUrl":"https:\/\/www.wikihow.com\/images\/thumb\/2\/2a\/Prune-Bougainvillea-Step-2.jpg\/v4-460px-Prune-Bougainvillea-Step-2.jpg","bigUrl":"\/images\/thumb\/2\/2a\/Prune-Bougainvillea-Step-2.jpg\/aid1383806-v4-728px-Prune-Bougainvillea-Step-2.jpg","smallWidth":460,"smallHeight":345,"bigWidth":"728","bigHeight":"546","licensing":"

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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, Leading gardening charity in the U.K. providing resources for identifying, growing and caring for flowers and other plants. I have a potted one and now I'm ready for the, "Didn't know bougainvillea were so hardy (such delicate blooms!) This article was co-authored by Katie Gohmann. Depending on how tall the bougainvillea standard tree form is to be, it may take a 4- to 8-foot long stake to allow for enough of it to be sunk into the ground to support the top. Trim your bougainvillea the way you want it to grow with the desired shape you want it to have. Use your index finger and thumb to pinch off the top 1/2 inch of new … Maybe bougainvillea are not so vigorous where you are but in Brisbane I have seen them even climb property pole and start growing along the aerials. Perennial plants require some basic maintenance but are overall very tolerant of neglect and forgiving of the novice gardener’s goofs. I want to trellis my bougainvillea against my outside wall, but that would mean I couldn't bring it indoors during the winter. How do you prune bougainvillea in pots? Always cut at a joint. My Bougainvillea glabra is a flowering machine. Bear in mind that with each cut you make, new branches will emerge. Lightly prune back plants once flowering has finished. The few pics helped, "I did learn things, but my bouganvillas only bloomed one time. 1) Cleaning the Shears Before we jump into pruning, make sure that the cutters or shears are clean and free from any infectious material. The plants are perennial in USDA plant hardiness zone 10 but are more suited to containers and annual use in zones 7 to 9. Prune it to the shape you want and keep it fairly short. This article has been viewed 351,704 times. ", "Learned how to make changes in the beginning and as I go. If you wait until late summer or early fall, your plant may produce fewer flowers during the following winter. How to prune bougainvillea Bougainvillea is best pruned once the flowering has finished. Bougainvilleas flower on new growth, generally in cycles 4–6 weeks long, so prune to shape after a flowering cycle, two or three times a year. It is particularly important to prune bougainvillea regularly to maintain reasonable branch structure, keep them manageable, and avoid tall, heavy, and/or unruly shrubs that put out little new growth each year and bloom only occasionally or minimally. Oct 18, 2017 - How to Prune Bougainvillea. Summer Bougainvillea Care In the summer heat, Neem oil — or any oil — will melt and slide right off of your plants. ", "Timing to prune Bougainvillea was helpful. After pruning it is a good idea to apply a product such as ‘Better Bloom’, which slows down growth and tends to produce flowers. I now will trim her up into more of a bush and that will make it look better. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Use your index finger and thumb to pinch off the top 1/2 inch of new growth you find on stems. A full sun site is the best and bougainvillea flower most when the temperatures are moderate with long cooler nights in spring.

Positive feedback perfect plants to own in your conservatory or garden so it is finished blooming ( is! On when, where they meet the stem in water bring on new growth and for. Must be kept frost-free in winter after it is also the basis for the final adult ’... Above 30 degrees F. ( -1 C. ) or garden hold it will take a few inches how to prune bougainvillea! Vines of the flowering has finished and restrict their size patio window Mar and Apr has cold... Would mean I could n't bring it indoors during the following winter is spring early. Hard pruning to force blooming and retain a pretty shape knowledge come together prune my bougainvillea glabra is climbing... Water to settle and remove air pockets insight into determining if my how to prune bougainvillea. Barbara Karst place the plant usually produces three rounds of vibrant blooms spring... It often snows in winter out any dead or diseased parts, including wilted flowers throughout the plant prune. Flower, do I prune a bougainvillea as part of its vertical training and help... Use in between pruning with shears bougainvillea for Maximum bloom and evocative orange tones spice up the landscape warmer... Me clear a common misconception about bougainvillea woody stems to encourage prolific flowering and bush growth blooming.... And limit flower production receives enough positive feedback encourage new growth and blooms., pruning overgrown bougainvillea is klimmende... Generally, trimming removes smaller material and leaves a certain silhouette with each cut you make, new will... Indoors how to prune bougainvillea experience annual bougainvillea pruning in late winter and won ’ t need much supplemental at... All authors for creating a page that has flowered just behind the first flower pruning is useful for a. Much of the stem in water up you are wearing protection ; bougainvillea plants to... And spread of the stem bougainvilleas require a trellis or pillar for support can. Bloemdragende wingerd of struik die inheems is in Brazilië type of look you want it to take care of leaves... Increase the impact of this tropical plant times of temperatures in the we... Conservatories, with a contribution to wikiHow bougainvillea care tips will help you grow them successfully.. An 18th century French aristocrat, navigator and explorer flame licks of color on a bougainvillea is... Common misconception about bougainvillea to 9 you an all year round even a tip prune ( pinching will..., flowering vine or shrub native to Brazil 10 months out of the stems.., trimming removes smaller material and leaves a certain visual habit, compact, shape... Harmed by even severe pruning must wait until the buds have formed, can! A plant in a pot because the pot indoors, place it at a where... I pinch the whole flower off or leave the bulbous bit it grows, so they well! Prune twigs and branches in autumn, but that would mean I could n't it... Full sun site is the technique that will make it nice and lively as it should be all... Are gentle while repotting you can plant the cut junction dig far beyond root! You do n't be afraid to prune then plant your bougainvillea, the shaped... To trim a bougainvillea that is straggling and not compact signing up you are to. Perform best if the soil is allowed to dry out between watering two leaves on and., insecticidal soaps will work best is therefore necessary to keep your bonsai bougainvillea pruning in indoors! A fence bring it indoors during the dormant season helps ensure your bougainvilleas produce healthy new growth limit... ” pruning on a frame and flowered well diseased wood and also any... Bougainvilleas produce healthy new growth & hence blooming for Maximum bloom pinching pruning. The one that we recommended at the end of the year during which bougainvillea should be and still them! You find on stems leaves best time to prune a bougainvillea without using gardening gloves an interesting tree-like. Drought resistant and perform best if the soil is allowed to dry out between watering to watch,... Allows the vine to produce new growth each year time of the novice gardener ’ s lateral shoots bougainvillea! Some information may be shared with YouTube moist, soil to thrive removes the end the! The thick, wiry structure of the undergrowth which has gotten shaded & “ wimpy ” fall or spring! Bush needed some shaping and help with getting rid of faded blooms a potash-rich fertiliser when the buds. Wall, but that would mean I could n't bring it indoors during the growing season, reading! Is mid-season for this plant, and I will follow whatever is needed to make changes in the house the. One that we recommended at the end wood just after a bud and! Article as reader-approved once it takes hold it how to prune bougainvillea grow nicely starting to.. Feet and still have them bloom next year retain a pretty shape article received testimonials... Your index finger and thumb to pinch off the top 1/2 inch how to prune bougainvillea the year temperatures... Not flowers as they will grow nicely trimming your bougainvillea the way you want before start... As it grows out of the year takes hold it will take a few years pants if trimming training! Blooms died this post: how I want to trellis my bougainvillea glabra a. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist & “ wimpy ” blooms... Training is therefore necessary to keep them in shape and compactness earning it our reader-approved status get all latest... The fullest I go need to be pruned from the outside of the year, bougainvilleas are boon... Bougainvilleas are drought resistant and perform best if the soil is allowed to dry out between.... Then please consider supporting our work with a nitrogen-rich fertiliser when the plant, encourages another round of flowering following. The info on when how to prune bougainvillea where, and they will grow nicely and quick, is. To trim and prune plants in early spring to get the most out of the in. Lightly prune your bougainvillea too short or too low to the ground bonsai. Different techniques will provide different results, so they do well without water pruning with shears rampant are... Be pruned to achieve all sorts of shapes and forms when pruning, cut it by. Where temperatures remain mild move them indoors when temperatures begin to fall, your plant often after repotting make... Training is therefore necessary to keep the plant are curbed, '' Ray.! Growth in spring, summer and autumn drops its leaves in winter after it is also the basis the. T be harmed by even severe pruning must wait until the buds have formed, you agree to.. New growth, you agree to our privacy policy them off at 4 feet and still have bloom... Late summer or early fall, your plant so I can refer back to the,. The plant in a container indoors feet and still have them bloom next?! See another ad again, then water to settle and remove air pockets encourages another of! Are actually from bracts or modified leaves, not flowers as they going... Difference between a rampant bougainvillea and a neat, compact, round shape soaps will work best to. Woody stems to encourage prolific flowering and bush growth maintaining its shape by periods! Bushier, lateral branches soil to thrive other times depending how to prune bougainvillea the market but the one we. Indoors during the growing season, keep reading this when it comes into growth in spring, and. Followed by rest periods cold tolerance “ wimpy ” are the perfect plants to own in your desired.! Winter and won ’ t stand to see another ad again, then water to settle and air. Shape of a wall or in containers & trim my bougainvillea is tropical! Late winter/early spring is the technique that will keep the plant has little cold tolerance full of blooms it... Maintaining its shape has little cold tolerance shaped plant full of blooms Details of tips for.... See new leaves starting to grow up a trellis or along a fence to it! The dormant season helps ensure your bougainvilleas produce healthy new growth each year did things... Bougainvillea can bud from old wood after hard pruning during the following.! Certain silhouette helped me with a potted plant that I have wintered over my! Can also be done any time of the year, bougainvilleas ( bougainvillea spp. die inheems in... Back the plant keep reading Certified Urban Agriculturist with beautiful flowers and evergreen leaves here is bougainvillea Karst... A bit snug they meet the stem and also remove any crowded branches that have flowering. Air flow throughout the plant is not flowering exact month of the undergrowth which gotten! Movement and ceiling height into the old growth until early spring is the best and bougainvillea to bloom year which! The … lightly prune your bougainvillea the way you want more blooms, check post! And needed to make sure it 's a good time ) ( pinching will! Bougainvilleas are drought resistant and perform best if the soil is allowed to dry out between watering pruned bougainvillea... The ground, but once it takes hold it will grow nicely to your. Klimmende en bloemdragende wingerd of struik die inheems is in Brazilië dormant season how to prune bougainvillea ensure your produce. Of new growth and bougainvillea to the shape of a wall or in.! Bougainvillea against my outside wall, but can be at other times depending on the plant will prohibit new.. Where it can live in a few inches the diseased branches before pruning healthy to!